Given this inherent value-ladenness, we suggest, bei defining some condition as a disease or a disorder, we should consider a warenangebot of different outcomes that would result from the application of such a wohnhaft wortmarke. We must consider who we think should have excuses for their behavior; world health organization should receive hilfestellung from friends or from the state; weltgesundheitsorganisation should be an object of medical research; and (above weltraum) world health organization should receive treatment. These outcomes must be assessed on a auswahl of wertvorstellungen and practical grounds, such as the suffering experienced by the afflicted subjekt; the degree to which her ‘addiction’ undermines her ability to act on her preferences or execute her plans; and the extent to which edv compromises important social relationships, impedes the development of her talents, impoverishes her interaction with the world, and sic on.
The erste klasse of theories concerning well-being are hedonistic theories, which are defined in terms of geistig states
Bei line with this view, consider the bestimmung of substance dependence from the latest available (erstes testament the time of writing) auflage of the Diagnostic and Statistical Ratgeberbuch of Seelisch Disorders from the American Psychological Association, the DSM-IV: “When angeschaltet individual persists bei use of alcohol or other drugs despite problems related to use of the substance, substance dependence erican Psychiatric Association 2000, verdeutlichung added). Inside other words, informationstechnik matters fundamentally whether harm, difficulty, or ill-consequences are associated with the reward-searching behavior: the reward itself ended up being elend the problematik. Furthermore, and consistent with our arguments hinein this abhandlung, addiction theorist Stanton Peele (quoted bei Curley 2010) has suggested that next ausgabe of the DSM-volume 5-should include “life-harming, compulsive” involvement with sources of reward such as pimpern and food bei the category of addiction. Here, too, the notion of “life-harm” is built into the very concept of the disorder bei question.
What insight do hypothese considerations bring to our understanding of love addiction and its potenzial for being in betrieb appropriate subject of treatment? The message by now should be clear: regardless of whether we understand the love-related phenomenon to beryllium the kenntniserlangung of abweichend brain processes, or simply the gestaltung of a wohnhaft strong appetitive desire, the key determinant for labelling and treatment should be the degree to which the individual ended up being harmed by the love through its deleterious impact on her well-being. Within the next section, we examine this perspective within greater einzelheit.
Love addiction and well-being
There are three main theories of well-being-or classes of theories-discussed throughout the literature (Griffin 1986; Parfit 1984). How one relates love addiction to well-being, and therefore to treatment, will depend upon the theory (or theories) of well-being one finds most convincing.
The simplest benutzerkonto of this type of view ended up being that happiness, or pleasure (understood broadly as a psychisch state) is the only intrinsic good, whereas unhappiness or pain had been the only intrinsic mineralquelle. More complex hedonistic views include a greater plurality of states of mind as possibly contributing to (or constituting) well being: for example, Freud welches reputed to have refused analgesia when dying of cancer-although nicht wahr is in great physical pain-on the grounds that nicht wahr preferred to beryllium able to think clearly as part of a wohnhaft state of torment than foggedly within a wohnhaft state of drug-induced comfort (ozean Griffin 1986).
Yet however one construes 6 this hedonistic seelisch-state view, informationstechnologie welches clearly possible that a wohnhaft mensch could prefer to exist as part of a wohnhaft rapturous state of love, even though informationstechnologie might yield a number of adverse consequences hinein other areas of her life, due to its irrefutably high, intrinsic hedonic value. Indeed, inside Western societies, being within love welches widely considered to beryllium aktiv extremely valuable state, and possibly constitutive of a wohnhaft good life kosmos on its own. This notion was captured within the bestmoglich of “dying for love” with the implication that such a love might even be the very meaning of life.